Water, the Amrit of Summers
Water is a colourless and odourless substance that is essential for the survival of the living beings. It is derived from various sources including rivers, lakes, oceans and streams and has several uses.
It constitutes of almost 71% of the Earth’s surface. On the earth, it moves constantly via water cycle. This is the cycle of evaporation and transpiration, precipitation, condensation and runoff.
Water is the most common liquid found on our planet. It is vital for the survival of every living being. Despite being one of the most abundant things on the planet, it takes a lot of effort to extract, purify, and distribute. Clean drinking water is necessary for survival, but many people lack access to it. It is, thus, important to use this substance wisely.
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Different Forms of Water
Water is present in three different forms on the Earth – Solid, Liquid and Gas. Here is a brief look at these forms:
- Water freezes at zero degree to form ice which is its solid state. As water freezes, its molecules move apart and this makes ice less dense compared to water in its liquid state. This means that ice is lighter than the same volume of water in its liquid state. It can thus float on water.
- This is the most common form of water. Water in its liquid state is used in several ways including drinking, washing, cleaning, cooking, irrigating fields and processing and preparing various products in industries.
- As water boils, it changes from liquid to gas, often referred to as water vapour. Vapours are always present around us. When the water vapours cool, they form a cloud.
Importance of Water for Human Beings
Water is a resource that all living organisms require. Although it is the most abundant molecule on the Earth and makes up roughly 60% of the human body, many people are unaware of its significance.
Water is essential to the human body’s ability to operate because it controls core temperature, carries nutrients to cells, and excretes waste. There are various other advantages of drinking plenty of water, including enhanced skin tone, weight loss support, increased metabolism rate, and better elimination process in the colon or kidneys, among others.
Water keeps us hydrated, and lack of water in the body can cause dehydration, making you weak and dizzy. It helps in improving the circulation of oxygen throughout the body.
It helps promote the creation of saliva, which helps break down the food quickly and easily. It promotes digestion and stimulates regular and proper bowel movement. It improves the function of our liver and kidneys.
A minimum of 64 ounces of glasses of water should be consumed every day. If you feel hungry after merely drinking so much water in a day, you may need to add extra salt to your diet.
Importance of Water in Life
Water enables life as we know it to exist. It is also an essential resource for the survival of our planet. We would perish if we did not have access to water. The world’s population has never been more reliant on water than it is today.
Water is the most important resource for all living things, and its value cannot be emphasized. There would be no life on the Earth without water. However, due to pollution as well as climate change challenges such as droughts and floods, we are now suffering catastrophic shortages of this natural resource that humans require for survival.
Use of Water for Living Organisms
Water helps in maintaining body temperatures in both plants and animals. By sweating, animals lose water and decrease the temperature in their bodies. On the other hand, plants lose water by transpiration.
Water is a precious resource, no matter where you live. We have been at war over it since humans first discovered it. Water is essential for all living things, including humans. In areas with little water, it is something to be fought over or stolen by raiders.
In wetter locations like India and the United States, it’s something that we waste and do not value enough. If we do not change our habits soon, there may be no more clean drinking water for us or future generations.
A study conducted by National Geographic discovered that there are 1.1 billion people living without a consistent supply of potable water and 2.6 billion living without sanitation services. This means that over 3 billion people are potentially exposed to water-related illnesses every year, including the spread of viral hepatitis and diarrhoea. In developing countries, most people have access to less than 25 litres of safe and clean drinking water per day while people in developed countries use approximately 150 litres per day.
All ancient civilizations flourished on the banks of rivers, and humans have attempted to control water for thousands of years. There are many stories from the past that show how water has had a significant impact on the lives of people.
The history of water has undoubtedly been lost over time, but many ancient civilizations seem to act as though they were anticipating events that we are currently facing. For example, during the Early Bronze Age in India, the Indus Valley Civilization was flourishing with farmers and village life but by some point between 2200 and 1900 BC, this civilization suddenly collapsed.
Water has played an important role in many religions throughout history. The Hindu religion has many stories about the sacred rivers Ganges and Brahmaputra. River Nile was known as ‘the Life Giver’ in ancient Egypt as it provides water for all agriculture, irrigation, and life.
Although there are many different natural resources that global governments manage with varying degrees of success (for example water, oil, even fish stocks), there are no such global governing organizations to bring water issues together at the international level. There is a very close relationship between water and food production. This means that water management is of utmost importance for food security.
There is an increasing need for global water governance. This is due to the fact that there are several regional and local cases of overuse, pollution, and lack of access to safe drinking water.
It is estimated that by 2030, two-thirds of the world will face water crises. In order to avoid this, it is important for our generation and the generations to follow to conserve and manage water in an effective manner. In order to solve the issue of water scarcity today, we should begin by conserving water because that is the first step in the process to managing it effectively.