capsicumCapsicums have three reasons to be loved. One, it adds a dynamic personality to your food owing to vibrant colours of green, yellow, red and orange.

Two, it blends into any dish and brings out a certain zing and flavour. Three, it is a storehouse of essential nutrients that can fight most illness.

The capsicum is considered an exotic vegetable that are likely to be called bell peppers or paprika in certain countries around the world. Due to all these advantages, the capsicum has found its place in almost all cuisines.

Further, the sections below will give you an idea about the history, nutritional facts, health benefits and how to select and store capsicum.


Capsicums, related to the chili peppers, have been in existence for atleast 9000 years and according to many historians, they have been cultivated for 7000 years. Capsicums are believed to have originated in regions of South and Central America.

It was Christopher Columbus who collected capsicums from the West Indian regions in the 1492 and took them to Spain. It was from there that capsicums spread through the regions of Africa, Asia and Australia.

Owing to the adaptable nature of these bell peppers, they grew well in tropical and temperate climates. Today, China, Turkey, Italy, Spain, India, Romania and Mexico are among the leading producers of capsicum with almost 20-27 species grown across the world.


Health Benefits of Simla Mirch (Capsicum)

  • Capsicums are known to lower the fat stored in blood corpuscles, called triglycerides, and thus help in burning calories. This can vastly improve the body metabolism. Moreover, this vegetable is considered beneficial in weight loss as it is low in fat and carbohydrates.
  • It contains antioxidants like beta carotene (carotenoid), lutein and zeaxanthin (phytochemicals) and vitamin C. After consumption of capsicum, the body converts beta carotene into retinol, which is one of the most usable forms of vitamin A. These combine together and minimize damage caused by the free radicals to the tissues, arteries and nerves and it also helps in prevention and treatment of heart diseases, osteoarthritis, bronchitis, asthma, cataract etc.
  • Capsaicin, contained in capsicums, is a lipophilic chemical which produces a burning sensation in the mouth and it is believed to prevent and treat cancer since this compound prevent carcinogens from binding with the DNA. Capsaicin is also known to block the transmission of pain from the skin to the spinal cord and treating a condition called neuralgia, pain linked with herpes zoster and postoperative amputation trauma.
  • Rich in vitamins, capsicum helps in strengthening the immune system by making available vitamin A and C in the body. Vitamin B and folate have been used in the treatment of depression and stress related conditions. Lycopene, another important compound found abundantly in capsicums, reduces the risk of prostate, cervical and ovarian cancer.
  • Apart from these benefits, capsicums promote cardiac health by lowering blood pressure and cholesterol levels. It has anti-inflammatory properties, stimulates stomach secretions and improves digestion.

Nutritional Value & Calories In Capsicum

Amount: 1  Weight: 100 gm


Nutrients Amount
Basic Components  
Proteins 860 mg
Total Calories 20
Calories From Fats 1.4
Calories From Carbohydrates 17
Calories From Proteins 2.1
Total Carbohydrates 4.6 g
Dietary Fiber 1.7 g
Sugar 2.4 g
Fats & Fatty Acids  
Total Fat 170 mg
Saturated Fat 58 mg
Monounsaturated Fat 8 mg
Polyunsaturated Fat 62 mg
Omega-3 Fatty Acids 8 mg
Omega-6 Fatty Acids 54 mg
Vitamin A 370 IU
Vitamin C 80 mg
Vitamin E 370 mcg
Vitamin K 7.4 mcg
Vitamin B6 224 mcg
Thiamin 57 mcg
Riboflavin 28 mcg
Niacin 480 mcg
Folate 10 mcg
Panto Acid 99 mcg
Calcium 10 mg
Iron 340 mg
Magnesium 10 mg
Sodium 3 mg
Potassium 175 mg
Phosphorus 20 mg
Zinc 130 mcg
Copper 66 mcg
Manganese 122 mcg
Fluoride 2 mcg


How many calories in Capsicum (Per 100 gm)

There are about 20 calories in capsicum per 100 gm of weight.

 How to Buy Capsicum

  • Look for capsicums that are brightly coloured, plump and shiny with a tight skin.
  • Make sure that they are free from blemishes. Any dark spots on the surface could mean that capsicum has started to decay and rot.
  • Capsicums need to be heavy and firm. Avoid the ones which are soft, dull, shriveled or pitted.
  • Also, make sure that the stem is intact, fresh and green.

 Capsicum Storage Tips

  • Fresh capsicums can be stored in a refrigerator for a period of 5 days in a plastic bag. It is a fact that green capsicums stay fresh longer than the yellow and red ones.
  • Cooked capsicums can be stored in airtight containers and then placed in cold storage. But this will remain edible for only a day or two.
  • Capsicums can also be frozen so that it can be stored for longer period of time. Whether blanched or unblanched, they need to be cut into halves first and seeds removed before freezing. Unblanched ones should be tightly packed and sealed. Blanching means to cut the capsicum into small pieces and boil in water for 2-3 minutes and then tightly pack, seal and place inside the freezer. Remember that blanched capsicums stay fresh longer than the unblanched ones.
More About Capsicum
Quantity: 100 grams
Calories: 20 Calories in 100 grams
Bio-Logical name: Capsicum Annuum
Capsicum in other languages:
Hindi Simla Mirch
Bengali Simla Mirch
Assamese Kashmiri Jalakia
Marathi Bhopli Mirchi
Gujarati Simla Marchan
Tamil Kuda Milagai
Malayalam Parangi Mulagu
Telugu Pedda Mirappa
Kannada Donne Menasinakai



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